Arts and Crafts
The arts and craft of Australia, together with the built environment, are significantly influenced by the ideal handmade products of the country. However, during the 1900s, the handmade influenced arts and craft totally dominated the mainstream colonial arts. The arts and craft in Australia are also greatly influenced by the English. The English influenced the architecture and furniture of Australia since the late 1800s. but during 1906, the Society of Arts and Crafts of New South Wales promoted an authentic Australian Style arts and craft as a symbol of movement against the industrialists and the “old world” designs. This movement aims to promote authentic Australian style handicrafts. This way, the authentic style of Australian arts and crafts will become a mainstream fashion in the country.
Art and Craft Movement
It was the Strut School in Mittagong, NSW that revived the practice of individual studio craft. This school was established in the 1940s. Later on, during the 1970s, it became very popular that it became a mainstream in the community art and craft movement. During 1974 four studios focusing on ceramics, glass, metal and furniture was created in Adelaide, and this was called the Jam Factory. Since the 1990, the art and craft of Australia has been having their own authentic design and style. This way, it can be distinctively determined as Australian.
Born on 1971 in Geraldton, Western Australia, Amanda Shelsher is contemporary individual craftspeople focusing on ceramics that takes inspiration from the early Arts and Crafts Movement in Australia. She also gets her inspiration from nature and its nurturing role to the environment. She then connects this inspiration to other themes such as the urban life, home, suburbia, and the domestic life she had from where she grew up. She connects her designs with the environment in the inner urban area and the environment that is given to the people by “mother nature”.
Aborigine and Torres Strait
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander arts and crafts became a popular part of the arts and craft movement in the present time. During the 1970s, the indigenous craft was recognized as a part of the Australian Authentic arts and crafts. Up until now, the arts and crafts of Australia are greatly influenced by the Aboriginal designs and arts. Tjanpi Weavers and Yvonne Koolmatrie are some of the most famous aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander fiber artists. They created their arts and crafts from fiber products such as ell traps and baskets. They can transform indigenous arts into contemporary art like how they design hand-crafted headdresses.
Economic and Cultural Value
The arts and crafts of Australia are considered economically and culturally valuable. There are so many galleries across Australia that displays these artworks and handmade crafts. This way, the arts and crafts of Australia can be promoted. Australians and foreigners are attracted by the art and crafts of Australia whether they are antiques or contemporary because these items show the hard work and skill of different craftsperson in the country. There are different organizations and associations in Australia that supports and promotes the arts and crafts of Australia because they believe in the contribution of this industry in the economy and culture of the country.